Conflict Management Mechanisms and Internally Displaced Women in Nigeria: The Case of Pastoralist-Farmer Conflict in Benue and Nasarawa States
The conflict between pastoralists and farmers in Benue and Nasarawa states has taken its toll on the internally displaced (ID) women. Despite the conflict management strategies adopted in managing the conflict, yet, it remains intractable and the plights of displaced women lingers. The study examined how conflict management mechanisms in pastoralist-farmer conflict impacted the plights of displaced women in Benue and Nasarawa states. Impoverishment risks and reconstruction framework was adopted to anchor the study. Descriptive research design was employed to obtain the data. A validated questionnaire and interview were used to obtain the primary data. It was found that negotiation, mediation, compensation and deployment of security agents were adopted in managing the conflict. However, management of the conflict was characterized by extortion and lack of skills by the stakeholders involved. Security agents perpetrated human rights violations against women. The conflict management measures adopted were exclusive of the internally displaced women, hence, humanitarian crisis continues. There is need for training of the stakeholders involved in conflict management skills. Security agents need to be trained and retrained in skill acquisition and capacity building. Internally displaced women are to be included in the local peace committees in order to have the humanitarian challenges affecting them presented and addressed. Keywords: Pastoralists, Farmers, Pastoralist-Farmer Conflict, Conflict Management Mechanisms, Internally Displaced Women.